Wednesday, January 15, 2020
Honesty is a character trait that is difficult to uphold when faced with moral dilemmas in the workplace. This is the challenge of Frank Serpico in the film Serpico. An analysis of the film Ã¢â¬Å"SerpicoÃ¢â¬ leads to the realization that Ã¢â¬Å"All power tends to corrupt and absolute power corrupts absolutelyÃ¢â¬ is completely valid. The movie Ã¢â¬Å"SerpicoÃ¢â¬ demonstrates that the merit system and an outside agency are necessary to prevent systemic corruption within the Justice System. Systemic corruption appears to be facilitated, encouraged and protected by the Ã¢â¬Å"code of silenceÃ¢â¬ . For example, officers are taught by fellow officers how to use the authority given to them to advance the sub-culture of crime. This fact is a matter of debate. The question of crime in police departments is often blamed on unethical officers rather than the truth of the officers who are taught by superiors and veteran officers the means of crime. The bad apples or bad system debate is expressed in Serpico, indicating the confirmation that a bad system needs an outside agency to correct it. This movie begs the question Ã¢â¬Å"Who was keeping an eye on the keepers of the peace among the New York Police Department? The instrument of change in the movie is Frank Serpico making him the antagonist. The protagonists are the dark and corrupted of officers, and the supervisors who by omission participate in crime. The ideology that has perpetuated this systematic corruption is the promoting within the ranks based on who you are not what you do. In Serpico, it seems that the supervisors were very astute in the process of looking the other way. For this ability, they moved up among the chain of command. The distinct officer Ã¢â¬Å"code of silenceÃ¢â¬ provided the cohesion that veils the subculture of crime perpetuated by the officers. In the film, Frank SerpicoÃ¢â¬â¢s only flaw was being an honest cop. In Ã¢â¬Å"SerpicoÃ¢â¬ the minimization and neutralization of corruption becomes the justification for the actions of the officers who are unethical. This is the attempt to rationalize the acceptance of the blanket loss of ethics among the officers. Frank Serpico does not participate in the corruption and refuses to take the money offered to him. His complaints are ignored as he goes higher and higher up the chain of command. The result of the complaints by Frank Serpico created an even more hostile work relationship with the other officers. The officers ostracize, threaten and fail to protect Frank to the point that leads to his injury. The atonement for the deeds of the police appears to be around the corner with every complaint lodged against the department, yet Serpico becomes placated in each meeting and by every supervisor, including the mayor. Political tolerance to corruption with no legal controls in place to prevent the un-ethical police sub-culture is unacceptable. The epiphany of Serpico is that the systemic corruption creates the need to go to an outside agency. This action of going to an outside agency is not taken lightly in the film. Frank Serpico knows and displays regret for the violation of the Ã¢â¬Å"code of silenceÃ¢â¬ . He is aware it is a trespass on the brotherhood. He has two other officers collaborate his story. Serpico feels that he must go to an outside agency to correct the corrupt and ethically bankrupt police department. This exposure allows for the creation of the Knapp Commission, which is evidenced at the end of the film Regoli and Hewitt reveal in Exploring Criminal Justice that the New York Times series on police corruption prompted Mayor Lindsay to appoint five people to investigate corruption in the NYPD. Five people were appointed to and composed the Knapp Commission including Attorney Whitman Knapp who headed the Knapp Commission. The findings of the Knapp Commission suggested the organized corruption. Police Administrators accompanied and progressed with the breach of ethics by active cooperation and participation in the crimes or passively omitted to control the officers (Hewitt, 2007). Pervasive organized corruption is organized crime. New YorkÃ¢â¬â¢s history of ties to the mafia would leave the citizen caught struggling to seek any justice. The mafia is controlling the civilian sub-culture and the corrupt police controlling the police sub-culture leaving the citizens at the mercy of criminals, and no one is watching. Serpico stood against this systemic organized corruption in long-suffering, personal sacrifice with hardship. Vindication for Frank appears in the finality of the film with him testifying to the Knapp Commission. According to Gaines and Kappeler, the result of the Knapp Commission was the convicting of the 20 officers charged with felony crimes that included armed robbery, assault and murder. To protect and serve aspect of policing does not include murder. This is a grievous trespass on the public trust given to officers, as are any violations of the law by the officers against the citizens who submit the authority to the law. The Knapp Commission exposed the corruption and sought out the officers for criminal prosecution. The results of Serpico have been far reaching. For instance, according to Gaines and Kappeler in Policing in America Ã¢â¬Å"Twenty years after the Knapp CommissionÃ¢â¬â¢s findings, the issue of systemic police corruption was revisited by the Mollen Commission. Although NYCPD commissioner Kelly denied systemic corruption, the commission uncovered substantial evidence of this form of organized corruptionÃ¢â¬ (Kappeler, 2008). These commissions are necessary to investigate and dissolve the corruption within police organizations. The anthropological perspective of police behavior can be used to explain the immoral behavior found in the police culture. Officers become shaped and influenced by the police culture. The rookie officers learn from the older corrupt officers. This in turn can demonstrate the values of the whole department, although there may be a distinct subculture that is not made privy to the department as a whole or to the public. Empirical research from the Knapp and Mollen Commission agree with the anthropological perspective of police behavior. In Exploring Criminal Justice by Regoli and Hewitt it is stated that the Ã¢â¬Å"Police supervisors must admit when corruption exists and confront the problem, Furthermore, they must recognize that corruption often begins at the top and drifts downward through the ranksÃ¢â¬ . This research is indicating that criminal behavior drifts downward to the new officers. If the corrupt officerÃ¢â¬â¢s argument is correct, then all of the corrupt officers selected policing to exploit it. Where is the honor in this? The authoritative personality is attracted to policing, not the ethically challenged personality. The corruption seeps in due to the influence of peer officers, and once it takes hold the distinction of ethically correct and the immoral becomes dissipated. The majority of the NYCPD was corrupt in the 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s. That is a huge number of unethical people entering the field to become officers. If it were not a hero like action to stand against corruption then this movie would not have been made. Trends suggest that police departments have corruption in three ways. The rotten apples and rotten pockets type of department deals with the individual officerÃ¢â¬â¢s corruption (Kappeler, 2008). This is not the case in Ã¢â¬Å"SerpicoÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â the movie is demonstrating the third type of department corruption; Pervasive Organized Corruption. Pervasive is defined as existing in, or spreading through every part of something. The term organized is referring to the hierarchical and limited or exclusive membership of the corruption. The corruption constitutes a unique subculture, perpetuates itself by violation of law, and exhibits a willingness to use illegal violence. In the naming of such findings alone as Pervasive Organized Corruption is a stinging finding of fault on the behalf of the NYPD and the discovery of such corruption brought shame to the department. The finding of such corruption exacerbated the publicÃ¢â¬â¢s distrust and served as a means to strengthen the conflict theory. The passive assistance the administration is giving to corruption by looking the other way is complementing and reinforcing the corruption throughout the department. The Knapp commission created in 1970 found that Pervasive Organized Corruption was in the New York Police Department. A new officer entering the department with high ideals on being ethical and a hero will soon lose this identity and assimilate the new identity of the corrupt police culture. Officers who do not conform to corruption will become the outliers among the median of a corrupt department. Overall, Ã¢â¬Å"SerpicoÃ¢â¬ is the true story of a New York City cop who ratted on crooked officers and suffered grim consequences. Serpico was an eccentric who, by virtue of being a good guy in an evil department, is himself a bit of an outlaw. This also will set them up for being ostracized and alone. Policing attracts people who want to be heroes; the culture of corruption found in certain departments creates the adherence to unethical practices and behavior. All in all, this creates the need for an outside agencyÃ¢â¬â¢s oversight to protect civil liberties and whistleblowers. Frank Serpico has become equivalent not with the term Ã¢â¬Å"whistleblowerÃ¢â¬ , but with the term Ã¢â¬Å"LamplighterÃ¢â¬ . This is an insightful suggestion due to the negative connotations of the term Ã¢â¬Å"whistleblowerÃ¢â¬ as it takes honor and courage to place a light on the darkness of corruption. With administration that cultivates this good intent and an outside agency that supports and investigates the law, the ethically sound officer will have the ability to flourish and do the job with respect and honor. The result of this positive and ethical environment is public support and trust. There must be an outside agency that keeps an eye on the keeper.
Tuesday, January 7, 2020
Analysis of Countee Cullens Yet Do I Marvel Poetry is often meant to be smooth, flowing, pleasing to the ear and the mind. To achieve this effect, many poets use different poetic techniques to help convey the meanings of their poetry. In the sonnet, Yet Do I Marvel written by Countee Cullen, many different features of poetry is used. In this essay, I will discuss the relationship between the meanings and the theme Cullen tries to convey in his sonnet and the techniques of metaphors, both religious and non-religious, allusions to Greek mythology, different rhyme schemes and repetition that he uses. In his sonnet, Cullen uses strong themes of religious metaphors while adding many non-religious metaphors at the same time.Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Allusions of Greek mythology provide excellent images for Cullen?s questions as the mythology seem like metaphors themselves. ?Make plain the reason tortured Tantalus / Is baited by the fickle fruit,? (Lines 5 ? 6). In Greek mythology, Tantalus was one of Zeus?s non-immortal sons who became immortal by dining with the Gods. However, after telling his friends the secrets of the Gods, he was punished by being place up to his chin in water that he could not drink, and with fruit in sight that he could not reach. Cullen uses Tantalus as an allusion to question God about why humans are given grace of the Gods/God, but are kept from the ?fruit? of actually being divine-beings. By saying, ?Make plain?, he wishes for God to tell him in terms that he could understand. Again, the speaker makes clear his position relative to that of God. ?declare / If merely brute caprice dooms Sisyphus / To struggle up a never-ending stair.? The second example of allusion that Cullen uses is the story of Sisyphus, who was the king of Corinth and for his efforts in trying to avoid death and Hades, he was condemned eternally to roll a huge boulder uphill. Cullen uses Sisyphus to make a connection to this ?Mortal Coil? we all endure. We all work and go about our daily lives, but towards what end? What is the point of our work and our lives? Is it out of caprice that God has done this to us? Did God doom us to this on a whim? Again, in Cullens view, GodShow MoreRelatedJames Langston Hughes And Countee Cullen934 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages James Langston Hughes and Countee Cullen were prominent poets. These poets were at the time of the Harlem Renaissance during the 20th century. Hughes and Cullen wrote for others to understand the stories of African-Americans living in the United State. These men had differences in their writing, but one mu tual objective. James Langston Hughes was born in Joplin, Missouri on February 1, 1902. Hughes began writing poetry when he lived in Lincoln, Illinois. The Weary Blues was his first book of poetryRead More The Work of Countee Cullen Essay1861 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesCountee Cullens poetry was extremely motivated by race. He produced poetry that celebrates his African American Heritage, dramatizes black heroism, and reveals the reality of being black in a hostile world. In Harlem Wine, Cullen reveals how blacks overcome their pain and rebellious inclinations through the medium of music (Shields 907). James Weldon Johnson said that Cullen was always seeking to free himself and his art from these bonds (Shields 905). In Yet Do I Marvel, Cullen raises questions
Monday, December 30, 2019
Sample details Pages: 3 Words: 845 Downloads: 3 Date added: 2019/07/30 Category Literature Essay Level High school Topics: The Tempest Essay William Shakespeare Essay Did you like this example? The Tempest is considered one of the greatest works of William Shakespeare; the play includes various themes and Shakespeare provides insightful social observation on the relations within Britain during the Elizabethan era. The Tempest clashes disputes such as hierarchy, power, individualism and colonialism, as well as challenging the viewpoints that there is only black and white and that an individual is either good or evil. The major theme in this play is colonialism. For the period time of Shakespeare (1600s) many European countries were expanding their borders by taking over less developed countries, referred to as the colonies of the Americas. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Colonization in The Tempest" essay for you Create order Though it started way before these years with the discovery of America by Christopher Columbus in the 1490s, the play is deliberated as a postcolonial play, though which we can find out mainly due to Calibans protest against Prospero and his opposition to colonial power using the language taught by the colonizer. Observing at the plot of The Tempest, there is representation of the Europeans through Prosperos actions, he arrives at Sycoraxs island, moderates it and enforces his own culture to its people. Sycoraxs island could be seen as a symbol of America, which suffered the same obligations that the island did. As Europeans did with Americans, Prospero takes away the power from Caliban and treats him as an evil, horrid, and deformed being, a disgraceful being, who in his eyes is not even a human. Prospero said, Thou Poisonous slave, got by the devil himself, upon the wicked dam, come forth (William Shakespeare). In 1609 a fleet of ships set out from England, sailed towards the Virginia colony. One of the ships was parted during the forceful storm and ended up on Bermuda. These shipwrecked Europeans began colonizing the island and enslaving the Native population. Shakespeares, The Tempest is based on this incident (British Colonial America Migration Timeline 1607 to 1783 (National Institute)) Virginia was the first territory to be colonized in America, Sycoraxs island was a representation of Virginia. Prospero, Caliban, Ariel and Miranda characterized the colonizers and the colonized correspondingly. Prospero is an European who has taken charge of a remote island (he lost his dukeness of Milan), being able to do so because of his strong magic powers. With these powers, he sorts out a life for himself and gets local citizens (Ariel and Caliban) to work for him, and sustains his control by a combination of threats, spells and enchantments. He promises and assures them freedom someday. By taking responsibility of a place which is not his by applying his European power over the strange non-European creatures, Prospero can be seen as an evident symbol of post colonialism. Caliban, a Native of the island, regards himself as the rightful owner the place. Caliban states, This islands mine, by Sycorax my mother, which thou takest from me. He is forced against his will to serve Prospero and Miranda. Prospero extends to Caliban his European hospitality, teaches him language and in return is to show all the natural resources of the island by Caliban. The Tempest explores the complex and problematic relationship between the European colonizer and the Native colonized individuals through the relationship between Prospero and Caliban. Prospero views Caliban as a lesser being than himself. As such, Prospero considers that Caliban should be appreciative to him for educating Caliban and lifting him out of savagery. It simply does not occur to Prospero that he has taken rulership of the island from Caliban, because Prospero cannot imagine Caliban as being fit to rule anything. In difference, Caliban soon becomes conscious that Prospero views him as a second-class citizen fit only to serve and that by giving up his rulership of the island in return for his education, he has allowed himself to be robbed. As a result, Caliban turns bitter and violent, which only reinforces Prosperos view of him as a savage. Shakespeare uses Prospero and Calibans relationship to show how the misunderstandings between the colonizer and the colonized lead to hatred and conflict, with each side thinking that the other is at fault. In addition to the relationship between the colonizer and colonized, The Tempest also explores the fears and opportunities that colonization constructs. Introduction to new and different people leads to racism and intolerance, as seen when Sebastian criticizes Alonso for allowing his daughter to marry an African. Exploration and colonization led directly to slavery and the conquering of Native people. For instance, Stephano and Trinculo both consider seizing Caliban to sell as a curiosity back at home, while Stephano eventually commences to see himself as a probable king of the island. At the same time, the expanded territories established by colonization created new places in which to experiment with alternative societies. Shakespeare conveys this idea in Gonzalos musings about the perfect civilization he would establish if he could acquire a territory of his own. Works Cited British Colonial America Migration Timeline 1607 to 1783 (National Institute). FamilySearch Blog, Family Search, 14 July 2014, 18:57, www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/British_Colonial_America_Migration_Timeline_1607_to_1783_(National_Institute). Shakespeare, William. The Tempest. T. Nelson Sons, 1998.
Saturday, December 21, 2019
Legal studies-Law Reform Legal studies-Law Reform The Australian Legal System response to the Mabo case has changed greatly ever since the first time it was introduced. Many different acts were introduced and/or amended as a result of this case. The effectiveness of the law and the law reform in protecting the rights of individual and society at large is demonstrated throughout this essay. Eddie Koiki Mabo was born on Murray Island in 1936 and was an Indigenous Australian. In 1974, during a conversation with two academics, Mabo became aware to the fact that his family did not own their traditional lands and that it was, in law, owned by the Crown. The Queensland Government wanted to remove any doubt that the Meriam people had totalÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The Mabo decision ended the idea of terra nullius in relation to Australia, when it recognised the Meriam people as the owners of the Murray Islands. It also opened the door for other Indigenous groups to be able to claim ownership of land that they could prove a continuous connection with. Unfortunately Eddie Mabo had died of cancer in February 1992, just 4 months before this historic high court ruling that would change Australian land law. The judgement was so historic because it completely overturned the idea of terra nullius and said that native title survived in many places, even though the land had been t aken by the Crown. With Terra Nullius distinguished, it proved the point that Murray Islands first inhabitants were in fact the Meriam people. With the Mabo case being successful many other cases came about for example Wik Peoples v. The State of Queensland (also known as the Wik Decision). It is a decision of the High Court of Australia in December 1996, regarding the right of access by the Wik peoples of Cape York Peninsula in North Queensland to Crown land held under pastoral leases for cattle grazing. The court decided (4 judges to 3) that the rights of indigenous people who can prove a connection to the land can coexist with the rights of the pastoralists, but where there is any inconsistency between the two, the rights of the pastoralist will prevail. In other words, pastoral leases do not automaticallyShow MoreRelatedCase Study Mabo/Essay Federalism2851 Words Ã |Ã 12 Pages within a national system whilst still retaining their independence (AUSTRALIANPOLITICS.COM, 2011). In this essay it will be discussed that the Ã¢â¬ËMabo DecisionÃ¢â¬â¢ and the implementation of the Native Title Act, 1993, is an example of this and will be analysed whilst unearthing the challenges and benefits which were exhumed within this historical test case, whilst explaining the impact of the High Court Ddecision. The Australian system of government is a federal system incorporating characteristicsRead MoreMabo V Queensland : An Australian Landmark Case1168 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesÃ¢â¬ËMabo V QueenslandÃ¢â¬â¢ was an Australian prominent landmark case which began in 1982 in the High Court of Australia. This case is commonly referred to as just Ã¢â¬ËMaboÃ¢â¬â¢. This case was taken to the High Court as a test case to establish AboriginalÃ¢â¬â¢s land rights including their ownership. A test case is a case that establishes new legal rights or principals. In this case, the concept of terra nullius was also challenged. Terra Nullius means Ã¢â¬Ëempty landÃ¢â¬â¢. The concept of terra nullius meant that AustraliaRead MoreEddie Mabo Essay1286 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesindigenous people. The most respected and recognised of these is Eddie Mabo, a Torres Strait Islander. Mabo stood up for the rights of his people from a very young age all the way to his death, in order to generate changes in the policies and laws of the government. Mabo battled for his right to own the land which he had inherited from his adoptive father, a fight which was resolved only after his demise. Despite this, Eddie Mabo became one of the key influential figures in the Aboriginal rights movementRead MoreMabo Film Analysis1940 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesTV film, Ã¢â¬ËMaboÃ¢â¬â¢. Released in 2012, Australian Broadcasting Corporation and Blackfella films have created a film that reflects the trials and tribulations Indigenous and torres strait islanders had to face. Rachel Perkins, Director of the film Ã¢â¬ËMaboÃ¢â¬â¢ helps us recognise the special connection, Aboriginals and Torres strait islander people have with their land. So Bella or Sarah, can you please give us a brief understanding of the film? Bella or Sarah : Yes sure Sharon, Edward Koiki Mabo, was MeriamRead MoreIndigenous Speeches: Exploration of the Mabo Case, Stolen Generation and Reconciliation1822 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesExploration of the Mabo Case, Stolen Generation and Reconciliation Both KeatingÃ¢â¬â¢s and RuddÃ¢â¬â¢s speeches are firmly based on the ideas of recognition and reconciliation for the wrongs that European settlers, and their decedents, have inflicted on Indigenous Australians. To explore this idea I believe that it is necessary to take a closer look at both the plight of Eddie Mabo and the stories of the Stolen Generation. The Mabo Case Eddie Mabo is widely known for his plight to regain land rights forRead MoreThe reconciliation of the Indigenous, has played a significant part in the history of Australia and600 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesplayed a significant part in the history of Australia and the lives of many Indigenous AustralianÃ¢â¬â¢s including Eddie Mabo. Eddie Mabo has been actively involved in Indigenous rights and reconciliation between 1981 and his death in 1992. Reconciliation has been an important part of AustraliaÃ¢â¬â¢s history as it has impacted many generations of Indigenous AustralianÃ¢â¬â¢s throughout history. Eddie Mabo has played a significant role in the process of reconciliation between Indigenous Australians and the AustralianRead MoreMabo eal822 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesÃ¯ » ¿The film Mabo demonstrates the importance of family in Eddie Mabos struggle for land rights. The story film Mabo, in leading up to its supportive and motivated revolution in Australias history, is assist by Eddies family determination to win Eddie Mabos land rights case and thus restore justice to indigenous people. The foundations of his familial and social assitance can be seen in his encounter with white authority and his later involvement in the union movement, as well as his role asRead MoreEddie Mabo: Fighting for Indigenous Land Rights in Australia732 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesnon-indigenous people in many different and inspirational ways. Eddie Mabo was a moving man that, from his works has changed the lives of many aboriginal/indigenous people today. I believe that Eddie Mabo has influenced modern society with his beliefs and values of the Indigenous people and their rights. Eddie Mabo fought for the rights of the people of Mer Island, so they would not lose their home, memories and life. Eddie Mabo has had such an impact on todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society for indigenous people and theRead MoreMabo Decision : Queensland Government1414 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMabo Decision The case of Mabo decision with Queensland government was one of the most significant legal case in Australia, which recognised the land rights and the original ownership of Murray islanders in the Torres Strait. It was acting by Murray islanders and the High Court upheld. Based on the successful legal case, there are some key issues in the process for IndigenousÃ¢â¬â¢ land rights, which were changed in Australia law and affect future rulings in Australia, such as the Native Title rulingRead MoreEddie Mabo is not only a hero of the film Mabo? Essay712 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesIn the film , the director Rachel Perkin demonstrate us that Eddie Mabo is a hero . He commit himself fully to fight tirelessly for aboriginal rights of land. In the process , Eddie Mabo get much support by his wife, his lawyers, his friends. These people sacrifice something and bear pressure for supporting Eddie Mabo. So these people also are heroes. Meanwhile , Australia government also is anti-hero, the governm ent admit the mistake and reconcile with aboriginals and apology. Nera . Eddie MaboÃ¢â¬â¢s
Friday, December 13, 2019
The beaker of the poem, a man, is walking down a beach with a friend and hears a woman singing. He muses on how the sounds of the ocean contrast and inspire her voice. He imagines that she is as beautiful as both her song and the ocean. We will write a custom essay sample on A Critical Appreciation of Wallace StevenÃ¢â¬â¢s or any similar topic only for you Order Now Though he doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t actually see the womanÃ¢â¬â¢s face, the speaker knows that she is lovely. As he walks behind her, the speaker notices how her bright, ethereal voice compares to the dark sounding sea. To him it is almost as if the ocean was a spirit whose voice they could not hear, but knew was there. For most of the poem Stevens paints a picture of n ocean that is both enchanting and mysterious at the same time. In turn, the womanÃ¢â¬â¢s song is made mystical and alluring because of the setting. Though we, the readers, donÃ¢â¬â¢t see the woman or hear her song, we experience the transformation that the sea, the city, and the speaker go through. In the fourth stanza the tone of the poem turns darker and the speaker begins to notice things other than the woman, her song, and the ocean. He claims that it was her voice that made the sky clearer and the ocean belonged to her and her song alone. He and his companion realize hat the only world for her was the Ã¢â¬Å"one she sang and, singing, made. In the seventh stanza we learn the name of the speakerÃ¢â¬â¢s companion: Ramona Fernando. He (the speaker) asks Ramona why things looked different after the mystery woman finished her song; her song made the city lights brighter and more enchanting than they were before. At this point we realize that the speaker has had an epiphany. Some critics say that the speakerÃ¢â¬â¢s epiphany was StevensÃ¢â ¬â¢ way of showing the importance of art. Without it, and in this case without song, we would never be able to see the world Leary. The womanÃ¢â¬â¢s song opened up the speakers eyes to the light of the world around him, and in turn the poem itself opened up our eyes. The poem focuses on the perception of imagination and reality. In this poem, reality pertains to the totality of all things possessing actuality, existence or essence; imagination, on the other hand, captures and interprets reality so an individual is able to create their own meaning of the given world, and escape the facts of existence through their own sense of creativity and ingenuity. At the beginning of the poem the speaker seeks an answer to whether the song exists through an external reality or within his ability to formulate this into something personal. Throughout his walk the speaker never truly determines whether the song is an external reality or within his own imagination, Stevens proposes that the song is neither, since one is not able to exist without the other. Near the end of the poem, the speaker muses upon the womanÃ¢â¬â¢s song and determines that she is both of song and sea, thus his enjoyment is derived out of a fusion of his imagination interpreting the voice along with an external awareness of his surrounding reality. Above all, Stevens captures and portrays this theme through his understanding of the human condition which perceives the inhuman as human. Throughout Ã¢â¬Å"The Idea of Order at Key WestÃ¢â¬ the narrator seemingly attempts to distinguish whether the song he hears is the seaÃ¢â¬â¢s waves singing to the womanÃ¢â¬â¢s voice, or if the singerÃ¢â¬â¢s tune is his imaginationÃ¢â¬â¢s perception of the ocean. To answer this question, Stevens suggest that the narrator must investigate and recognize the difference between imagination and reality. Since the sea is an external nature which causes a meaningless Ã¢â¬Å"constant cryÃ¢â¬â¢ and cannot be Ã¢â¬Å"formed to mind or voiceÃ¢â¬ , the orator must distinguish the oceanÃ¢â¬â¢s image and counterpart through the singer. Likewise, her ability to utter the sound of the waves Ã¢â¬Å"word by wordÃ¢â¬ helps to transform the inhuman song of the sea into the entirely human song of the woman. Moreover, as the singer measures and interprets her song; the ocean similarly analyzes and follows the laws of nature. As the speaker begins to perceive that the song is more than the sea merely singing through the womanÃ¢â¬â¢s voice, he begins to feel a sense of ineffability which goes beyond the mere language of the tune and experience of his walk. Thus in stanza went eight he states: Ã¢â¬Å"But it was more than that, more even than her voice, and oursÃ¢â¬ The narrator begins to accept the mystery behind the songs blissfulness and acquires the tune as the driving spirit of all the external realities in his presence. This realization of the songs ineffability makes Ã¢â¬Å"the sky acutest at its vanishingÃ¢â¬ (35) and Ã¢â¬Å"measured to the hour at its solitudeÃ¢â¬ . For Stevens, these acts of interpretation are essentially human acts which help people come in touch with themselves and the world around them in order to experience the Joys of being one with both themselves ND nature. Within the final lines of the poem, StevensÃ¢â¬â¢ links the title by connecting with and relating to our desire for ordered experiences and sympathizes among us since we always try to make the inhuman human. Thus at the ending, the womanÃ¢â¬â¢s song guides the narrator and helps to clear the vision between the order which humans seek of the natural world: Ã¢â¬Å"O! Blessed rage for orderÃ¢â¬ . Likewise this cognizance opens Ã¢â¬Å"fragrant portalsÃ¢â¬ . The Ã¢â¬Å"fragrant portalsÃ¢â¬ are important because they open a new door to an edifying new self-awareness. Moreover, as narrator begins to apprehend the usage of the womanÃ¢â¬â¢s song, he realizes that the song allowed him to see order in the world. Additionally, the song produces from within him a desire to create his own song, in order to interact and correspond with the imagination of others Just like woman has done to his. StevensÃ¢â¬â¢ understanding of the human condition serves a great purpose in Ã¢â¬Å"The Idea of Order at Key WestÃ¢â¬ . Stevens portrays the narratorÃ¢â¬â¢s experiences through the reflection of his thoughts. When the voice comes along he begins to change his way of thinking because she helps him understand and become conscious of the illusion of his imagination. Through the language of Ã¢â¬Å"The Idea of Order at Key WestÃ¢â¬ Wallace Stevens expresses his perception of the world. His thoughts and language become his instruments that craft the poem. Through the readers of the poem, Stevens captures and engages them: Ã¢â¬Å"It is the spectator and not life, which art really mirrorsÃ¢â¬ (Oscar Willed) As the spectator mirrors this form of art and interprets meaning into the works allurement, they becoming cultivated and enlightened. As a poet, Wallace Stevens believed that poetry should be similar to a work of art. And like a work of art, StevensÃ¢â¬â¢ poetry helps his readers discover order in a chaotic world. How to cite A Critical Appreciation of Wallace StevenÃ¢â¬â¢s, Papers
Thursday, December 5, 2019
In document G Leading Economic Sectors in 1849 and 1 899 have shown that in 1849 agriculture made 59. 3% Of the money in the U. S while Manufacturers made the second highest percentage. In 1899 manufacturing makes its mark as the leading producer of currency. This shows how much it has amplified within only a fifty year radius. In document F F. B. Tracy at Why the Farmers Revolted, Forum on October 1893 expressed that the western regions railroads and freight rates have retarded the growth of farmers markets .If the farmer could not sell his reduce at profit he would not be able to make the payments. Eviction followed this concept. This pushed the Farmers Alliance to go into politics all over the west. The governments over priced land tariffs made the farmers revolt. Farmers began to find it hard to be economically prosperous. Wheat and cotton prices lowered because of the excess produce. We will write a custom essay sample on Great Era for the Government or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page This began when railroads advanced and such great amounts of crops were not needed. Colored farmers were also greatly affected by this transition. In document B Booker T. Washington told George Washington in 1 889 that Every year they try to pay their debts and high interests they cant because it is just too much. He explained how they struggled to feed their families. Some have even given up. This is was not just about the black farmers, it was about the white ones too. They all were in a horrible predicament. In document C Mary E. Lease, a lawyer, spoke to the common people in 1890 protesting to receive money, land, and transportation. People demanded abolition of the national banks and direct loans from the overspent.She gave this speech to give the people a voice and tell the government what we want and need. The Interstate Commercial Commotion was put into action which gave the people transportation. Farmers began to give up land for the railroads which put the Interstate Commerce Act into place in 1887. Document D shows the Presidential Election of 1892. Cleveland wins this election and gathered most Of his votes from the southeast. He was also a Democratic President. He gave a lot of hope to the people and most of the people that chose him were farmers.He began to give out plantations because he received so many complaints about the railroads. Farmers had many reasons to revolt against the government. Their road decisions were not always fair and agricultural needs were not met. Farmers had their own depression because of the government and as well as merchants. Farmers ended the harvest season with lost hopes and huge debts. Their attitudes influenced the government to think through their plans a little more thoroughly and think of all the aspects of their plan.